Support for Imprisoned Hong Kong Social Worker

This is an appeal for Support for a Hong Kong Social Worker Sentenced to one-year Imprisonment in the Anti-extradition Bill Movement. 

A registered social worker from Hong Kong, Mr. Lau Ka-tung, has been convicted and sentenced to one-year imprisonment for committing an offence in the Anti-extradition Bill Movement on 17 June, 2020. The Magistrate agreed that Mr Lau had impeded police’s action of arresting protesters on 27 July, 2019 in Yuen Long. He also rejected Mr Lau’s application for temporary release, pending on his appeal against the sentence to the High Court. But as the defence lawyer asserted, Mr Lau has shown his social worker registration card and held up his hands without any physical resistance. He just functioned as a mediator to verbally remind the police of the possible casualties that might result from a stampede of the retreating protesters. However, he was injured and arrested. The conviction is a disastrous precedent for upcoming trials of other social workers who are arrested at similar scenarios.

According to the global definition and ethical principles of social work, one of the main duties of the profession is to stand for the rights, safety and interests of the clients while upholding human rights and social justice. The presence of social workers in the protest scenes and the related mediating and rescue work is not only legitimate, but also essential when the Anti-extradition Bill Movement in 2019 in Hong Kong became a fight for human rights, democracy and freedom. Unfortunately, more than 50 social workers were arrested for upholding human rights and safeguarding social justice, and some were charged for rioting. Mr LAU was the first, but will not be the last, social worker being criminalized while carrying out professional duties. 

We call for social workers and social work organizations in the international community to show their support and solidarity to Mr. LAU and to protect the basic values of the social work profession in one or all of the following ways:

1. Stage an open support for social workers’ presence in the frontline at the protest scenes to perform as mediators;
2. Declare a global solidarity against the arrest, ill treatment and criminal conviction of social workers when they implement their roles and duties in social movement to uphold human rights and safeguard social justice;
3. Call for the High Court appeal for the convicted case against any possible political prosecution of social workers. 

Yours sincerely, 

Reclaiming Social Work Movement 18 June, 2020
Contact Person: Dr. Leung Chi Yuen (

STATEMENT: Black Lives Matter

“It is our duty to fight for our freedom

It is our duty to win

We must love and protect each other

We have nothing to lose but our chains”

Assata Shakur

The Social Work Action Network International (SWAN-I), a coalition of social work organizations and activists across the globe, stands in solidarity with our social work colleagues in the United States and with protesters all over the globe who are fighting against institutional racism and police brutality and for a better world.

As a value-based profession, we are horrified at the events over the last two weeks; from the execution of George Floyd, an unarmed black man by Minneapolis police officers, to the brutal murder of Ahmaud Arbery by racists in Georgia.  Yet these tragedies were completely predictable.  They are the inevitable consequences of institutional racism whose roots go back to founding of the United States. 

Institutional racism is responsible for Breonna Taylors’ murder in her own home by Louisville police and for a black man being reported to the cops for daring to challenge a white woman while birdwatching in Central Park New York.  Our system of racial capitalism causes African Americans, Latinx, and Native Americans to die of Covid–19 at much higher rates than whites, experience greater levels of poverty, and increased risk of housing evictions. 

These systems of oppression are worldwide; from Brazil, to Chile, to Palestine. Yet worldwide, racial capitalism, settler colonialism, and imperialism are being unmasked by a new global movement which is standing in solidarity with the victims of institutional racism and insisting that Black Lives Matter. Frederick Douglass an African American Abolitionist, said “Power concedes nothing without a demand.  It never has and it never will.”   We demand justice for George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, and Ahmaud Arbery and all the other victims of police violence. 

 SWAN-I supports all individuals and communities calling for an end to systemic racism. We support efforts around the world that are working to promote alternative systems that takes care of our multiracial communities and planet. We believe that while there is no single model for radical social work, social work must be an unashamedly political project.  Most private troubles have political and social causes arising from the neoliberal model of capitalism and racism, individualism, sexism and homophobia that it produces. This is true whether they are experienced individually through depression or anxiety, or collectively through police violence and substandard housing.  For this reason, social work must be part of the multiracial movement for social transformation and human liberation.  Another world is possible, another social work is possible!

To join SWAN-I, contact us at

Being a social worker during COVID…

…and where this sits in the broad context of Children and Families social work. Read this interview with a Children and Families practitioner, as they reflect upon how COVID has stressed the inadequacies of modern social work.

“I just don’t believe in what we are doing anymore.”

Working during COVID has highlighted a lot of issues in Children and Families social work for me. When you take away being able to sit with people in their homes and have open and empathic conversations, we are left with nothing to offer.

We all go into social work with – well it’s supposed to be about working with families, doing direct work and make a difference. Personally I wanted to do this job because I felt I had a lot of life experience. In the child protection teams, I wanted to be with people in crisis but I think quickly I have realised that the system doesn’t work.

  1. Because of this government (and we can’t get past the fact that things come from above), we are not funded enough and all of our preventive services have been stripped away. That directly impacts us because we go into families who are in crisis who could have avoided this is if they had preventative services earlier. I feel maybe like a hypocrite. I am going in representing a child protection system, perhaps in pre-proceedings, and our service doesn’t take into consideration or admit that if we had offered proper preventative services it would not have got to this stage.

“You need therapy but I can’t give it”. “Your child needs xyz but the services aren’t available so we ae gong to court to ask for a care order”. It doesn’t sit right. The higher above agenda is stat driven. It’s not about the families. If this was proper social work, as it’s meant to be, I could really do some good work here, I could go in and build relationships, give these kids time, do family work. But instead I get told to close them when they are at the Child In Need s17 threshold.

2. CIN cases are being forced closed by management too soon, due to COVID pressures. Objectively I get that these cases aren’t always about safeguarding against immediate and significant harm, they are more about giving support – we aren’t allowed to do it. I have families asking us NOT to leave or close the case because our presence is working. The kids don’t want to be left without anyone. Mums say “you all leave me, when you are there you help – then you leave, it goes down and I come back in a worse place in the system”.

If it’s not Child Protection s47 then you have to close it. COVID has cranked up the pressure on our service and therefore on CIN cases. What’s the point of CIN if they get closed instantly? It’s there in law! Why are we ignoring them? We are being pushed to close all CIN cases. Where is the value of S17 of the Children’s Act? We are misleading families about the levels of involvement and engagement when we force workers to close CIN cases during times of pressure like this.  I’m so conflicted. Half of me says we should not be involved unless absolutely necessary because the system is so bad. So destructive. We infringe on their rights. The other half wants to do the proper work, to get in early. Social care shouldn’t be about removing children.  We moan about the media portrayal of social work but can you blame them? We have created this monster.

3. The risk aversion in management is paralysing. I have been led to believe I can make a difference in cases where then I have found out my manager has made decisions with legal without my knowledge. When I challenge this I am told “You have become too emotionally connected to the family”. They are trying to gaslight me into thinking I was not making a sensible assessment. Why is emotional attachment being trained out of us? Our social work values are meant to play a part. Yet being robotic is the only way apparently to make a decision. It’s not all meant to be on data, it’s meant to be a consideration on how the child will emotionally react.

4. There is no guidance to making major decisions like this during COVID. Mothers are asking to have contact in the park etc with their children now that lockdown has been eased. We are saying no. There is NO WRITTEN GUIDANCE. Why have SWE not sent any guidance out? Why has the LA not issued any guidance in writing? Why have we had no email explaining how to work during COVID? Why is there no centralised file with COVID guidance accessible by all? Where are the copies of the risk assessments? This is not a mistake – this is deliberate. It’s suspicious that we are told to visit within houses verbally only, no paper trail. If someone tries to sue the LA because we have spread COVID, there is no paper trail to show we were told to go in to houses. We will be blamed for making personal decisions on a case by case basis. This is not an accidental situation. And that is the worst thing for me. 

5. The Court system under COVID is problematic. It is a doable system but not a fair system. From a worker’s perspective, court is horrendous anyway. Especially when giving evidence. Everybody’s emotions are high. At least when you are physically there you can leave it behind in a different building – it isn’t actually taking place in your home! I can’t process that I had 4 court hearings last week and all that happened with me in my house. I have been cross examined and heard these stories whilst I’ve been sitting at home. I can’t escape it. There is no office environment for a debrief. I also have to look after my own child straight after these court sessions. It’s impossible to switch off. This is not my safe space at the moment.  The pressure of trying to juggle being a parent, working during lockdown, and trying to manage safety around visiting families during a pandemic has been minimised and dismissed by judges. Legal teams have told us not to raise any of this for consideration when court mandated plans are created. Are we working with reality or fantasy?

Alongside this, I cant speak to legal to take advice during the hearing, there are no sidebar moments where we are waiting outside the room, talking through what to say next. It helps to process things. Nothing can ever replace face to face conversation in that kind of serious situation. We mustn’t pretend it’s a suitable replacement. In one case, from the mum’s point of view, she wanted to speak to us face to face: she wanted to explain herself and give evidence looking at people. They denied her the chance to do it over a video call. They said no, that the technology was not set up for that. For her that was a big thing. And she has to do all of this from home and it’s really not a safe space for her.

6. Key resources have shut down during COVID such as psychological assessments that feed into our court planning. So we are having to decide whether we are going from pre-proceedings to court without the essential assessments. They are normally independent social workers who now don’t have to work. Is this a breach of rights? No-one knows how to handle this situation, fair enough. But everyone looks to social work to keep going regardless. But we can’t do this alone and we need other services to get involved. We need early help and youth workers to keep engagement, we need psych assessments and cognitive assessments to happen fairly.  We aren’t trained to deliver domestic violence work with perpetrators etc. but we are expected to by court and management. It’s a false sense of security during this pandemic. Because SW doesn’t offer solutions anymore, only monitoring, what we do becomes hugely oppressive when the external resources back off. If we don’t put the resources in place and then the court feel we have not evidenced that its safe enough for children to go home to their families, then we are responsible for tearing children out of their homes.

What should happen after COVID goes away? What will we learn and where should we be going in the future?

As a public service we should be treated as importantly as the NHS regarding policy and guidance. We are being forced to do things beyond good guidance.

The system is so broken that I am not sure what is saveable. The entire system needs an overhaul and we need a new government to even stand a chance. We are not funded, we are scapegoated as a service that should do everything. Are we being represented enough as a public service by the Labour party?

We need grassroots social work, properly funded. We need space to talk about structural oppression alongside trauma rather than just look at thresholds.

WATCH: Human Right Live Stream

As part of our series of live streams based on covid-19 crisis and the impact on social work practice, we focused on human rights and how during this periods these have been reduced.

We were happy to have Derek Boothy (MCA/DOLS Regional Chair Yorkshire and North Humber) Professor Luke Clements (Leeds University) & Carolyne Willow (Article 39).

We would like to thank every one who continues to participate in our meetings and we will continue to host some vital meetings that look at fighting for social justice.